This continues the study guide on Home Education By Charlotte Mason. A blog series dedicated to provide a study guide companion to a Home Education book study, utilizing certain study guide questions from the appendix. Intertwined with my own personal perspective and opinions. Your welcome to join the Holistic Homeschooling group to learn more about Charlotte Mason’s methods, gain encouragement and support from other homeschooling parents.
Pages 31-34 discuss the importance of properly oxygenated blood. Which is a basic need that every person requires to survive. Ms. Mason stresses how poor quality of indoor air and improper ventilation can negatively effect the oxygen in a persons blood. Recall that during Ms. Mason’s time, rooms were often heated by natural fireplaces and wood or coal burning stoves. Issues with ventilation must have been a issue of great concern since Ms. Mason states, “An open chimney is a useful, though not a sufficient, ventilator; it is needless to say that the stopping-up of chimneys in sleeping-rooms is suicidal.” She further describes town children as “pale-faced” and that “gutter children who feed on the pickings of the street are healthier looking and better off, because they have more of the first essential of life-air.”
While in today’s culture many do not heat their homes with natural fireplaces or wood burning stoves, some still do. However, the ventilation is modernized and therefore, less of a risk to poorly oxygenating the blood. Ms. Mason is right in saying “physiological matters” is the lowest round of the educational ladder, yet a necessary step to all the rest. Which is why it is best to ensure children are frequently exposed to outdoor air for children to breath in quality oxygen limited in “carbonic acid gas.”
Upon what physical facts does the need of sunshine depend?
”Quite healthy blood is exceedingly rich in minute, red disc like bodies, known as red corpuscles.” “Now, it is observed that people who live much in sunshine are of a ruddy countenance-that is, a great many of these red corpuscles are present in their blood; while the poor souls who live in cellars and sunless alleys have skins the color of whitybrown paper. Therefore, it is concluded that light and sunshine are favorable to the production of red corpuscles in the blood.”-Charlotte Mason Home Education
To modernize what was discussed in this passage Ms. Mason is correct in stating that healthy blood is rich in minute disc like bodies, meaning red blood cells. However our bodies do not create red blood cells by being exposed to the sun. How our bodies generate red blood cells is discussed in this article https://medlineplus.gov/ency/anatomyvideos/000104.htm
Where one obtains red blood cells from can be read further in this article.
Time in sunshine does have its benefits. In order for our bodies to synthesize vitamin D, we need at least 30 minutes per day of direct sunlight exposure. This is harder to do in Northern parts of the United States due to the long winters, daily Vitamin D supplements are recommended for these areas of the country. The role of Vitamin D is important and can be read about in the article below.
Why do persons die of external scalds or burns?
”When the discharge is excessive, we are aware of moisture upon the skin; but, aware of it or not, the discharge is always going on; and what is more, if it be checked, or if a considerable portion of the skin be glazed, so that it becomes impervious, death will result.” “This is why people die in consequence of scalds or burns which injure a large surface of the skin, although they do not touch any vital organ; multitudes of minute tubes which should carry off injurious matters from the blood are closed, and, though the remaining surface of the skin and the other excretory organs take extra work upon them, it is impossible to make good the loss of what may be called efficient drainage over considerable area.”-Charlotte Mason Home Education
What Modern Medical Science Tells Us
Burns to the skin cause:
- Increased fluid loss
- compromised immunity
- changes in function
When a major burn first occurs the initial event is hemodynamic (the dynamics of the blood) instability, which is a result of a loss in capillary integrity and a subsequent shift of fluid, sodium, and protein from the intravascular (occurring within a vessel) space into the interstitial (space within the tissue but outside of the blood vessel) space. Depending on the depth of the burn determines the severity of hemodynamic instability-if fluid shift and subsequent fluid loss is too severe or if hypothermia is irreversible and subsequent infection are all possibilities leading to death. (Brunner&Suddarth’s Textbook Of Medical-Surgical Nursing.)
This concludes the study guide for this section of Home Education. My intent was to clear up any outdated medical advice and modernize it. If there is anything in this section of the reading you would like to discuss further please leave a comment.